Key Considerations and Practical Guidance for Ball Valve Selection

Ball valves are indispensable components in various fluid control systems, playing a critical role in ensuring pipeline system safety, efficiency, and cost-effectiveness. Choosing the most suitable ball valve involves considering several factors. The following provides a comprehensive overview based on case studies of ball valve applications in water supply systems:
1. Applicable Media and Operating Conditions
Ball valves are versatile and suitable for diverse operating conditions, including low temperatures, high pressures, and high-viscosity fluids. Their exceptional adaptability extends to media containing suspended solid particles. Additionally, depending on the sealing material, ball valves can handle powdered or granular media. Selecting ball valves requires ensuring that their materials and sealing performance can withstand specific media and operating conditions.
2. Flow Control Characteristics
While full-bore ball valves are unsuitable for flow regulation, they excel in rapid opening and closing scenarios, such as emergency fluid shutdowns. Their superior sealing, abrasion resistance, rapid operation, and low noise characteristics make them an excellent choice where these features are essential. However, for precise flow control, alternative valve types or the use of regulating devices in conjunction with ball valves should be considered.
3. Application Environments
Ball valves are suitable for light-duty structures and low-pressure cutoff scenarios, especially for corrosive media. In systems with low-temperature or cryogenic media, low-temperature ball valves with added bonnets prove ideal. Furthermore, for applications requiring frequent operation or located in hard-to-reach areas, the installation of electric or pneumatic actuators can enhance operational efficiency and safety.
4. Selection of Ball Valve Types
Floating Ball Valves: Ideal for smaller diameters. Attention should be paid to the valve seat material's ability to withstand the ball and working media load during selection.
Trunnion Ball Valves: More suitable for larger diameters and high-pressure applications. For ball valves exceeding 200mm in diameter, worm gear transmission is recommended to reduce operating torque.
5. Special Requirements
Ball valves selected for pipeline systems handling process toxic materials or flammable media should possess fire-resistant and anti-static structural features. Moreover, for applications with special process requirements such as high temperature, high pressure, or strong corrosive media, selecting ball valves made of special materials resistant to high temperatures and corrosion is crucial to ensure system safety and stability.
In summary, selecting the appropriate ball valve involves careful consideration of media properties, operating conditions, structural characteristics, and suitability for specific applications. Correct selection ensures the efficient and safe operation of pipeline systems, providing assurance for long-term system stability.

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