Addressing Sealing Surface Damage in Industrial Valves

Sealing surfaces in industrial valves are essential for functions like cutoff, regulation, and mixing of media. Yet, they frequently endure damage due to media properties and external factors, impacting valve performance and longevity. This article analyzes causes of such damage and suggests preventive measures to optimize design and maintenance of industrial valve.
Analysis of Causes of Sealing Surface Damage
The causes of sealing surface damage are diverse, primarily resulting from the combined effects of various external and internal factors. These factors encompass material selection, manufacturing processes, operating methods, media characteristics, and more, directly impacting the quality and performance of sealing surfaces.
Poor Manufacturing Quality

Inadequate manufacturing quality of sealing surfaces is a significant contributor to their damage. Defects such as cracks, pores, and inclusion might occur during processing, often due to improper operations during welding and heat treatment processes, or inappropriate material selection.
Improper Selection and Operation

Incorrect valve selection and improper operating methods can also lead to sealing surface damage. For instance, using a shutoff valve as a throttling valve may result in excessive pressure differentials during closure, exacerbating erosion and wear of the sealing surface.
Incorrect Installation and Neglected Maintenance

Incorrect installation methods and lack of timely maintenance are also causes of sealing surface damage. Valves operating with underlying issues or installed improperly can lead to abnormal functioning of the sealing surface, accelerating its deterioration.
Media Corrosion and Electrochemical Corrosion

The chemical properties of the media directly affect the corrosion of sealing surfaces. In some media, direct chemical reactions with the sealing surface lead to corrosion. Additionally, electrochemical corrosion, induced by potential differences, results in damage to the sealing surface.
Media Erosion

The flow of media can cause abrasion and wear on the sealing surface. High-speed flowing media, suspended fine particles in the media, and bubble bursts during media mixing can all contribute to damaging the sealing surface.
Mechanical and Fatigue Damage

Sealing surfaces are prone to mechanical damage such as impacts and compressions during the valve's opening and closing processes. Furthermore, prolonged usage can lead to fatigue damage, resulting in cracks and delamination of the sealing surface.
Major Preventive Measures
To effectively prevent sealing surface damage, a series of comprehensive preventive measures can be adopted to ensure the maximum enhancement of valve sealing performance and lifespan.
Optimize Material Selection

Selecting sealing surface materials with excellent corrosion resistance and mechanical properties is crucial for preventing damage. Material selection should be based on the characteristics of the media, with strict control over material processing quality.
Rational Design and Structure

Valve design should consider working conditions, opt for suitable sealing structures, and employ appropriate processing methods. Avoiding inappropriate applications of valves and unnecessary damage is essential.
Standardized Installation and Maintenance

During valve installation, adhere to standardized procedures to ensure correct installation. Regular maintenance of valves, including timely replacement of aging sealing components, can prolong the sealing surface's lifespan.
Control Media Corrosion and Erosion

For media prone to corroding and eroding sealing surfaces, corresponding protective measures can be taken, such as applying protective coatings and reducing media flow rates.
Strengthen Monitoring and Inspection

Establishing a comprehensive monitoring system to periodically inspect valve sealing surfaces enables early detection of issues and prompt actions for repair or replacement.
In conclusion, enhancing technical improvements and management optimization are crucial for ensuring the long-term stable operation of valve sealing surfaces. Emphasizing operator training and management to enhance their responsibility for valve maintenance is also vital. Continual refinement of technology and management measures is key to ensuring the reliable performance of valve sealing surfaces in industrial production.

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